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INTRODUCTION The   roots   of   the   folkdance   ensemble   dated   back   to 1947.   Sándor   Tóth,   called   “Samu”   was   the   member   of the     dance     group     of     Miklós     Bercsényi     Grammar School.   After   his   university   studies   he   organized   the folkdance     in     Törökszentmiklós     as     a     teacher.     His enthusiastic      skills      in      teaching      and      organising folkdance   could   be   seen   besides   the   grammar   school soon.   In   1958   three   folkdance   groups   worked   here, one    was    supported    by    the    Agricultural    Machine Factory,   the   other   by   the   Mill   Industry   and   the   third one   by   the   ÁFÉSZ   (cooperative   society   of   small   shops) with   the   Grammar   School.   The   last   group   was   the ancestor      of      the      Miklós      Folkdance      Ensemble sponsored    by    the    ÁFÉSZ    from    the    beginning.    Later they   became   the   group   of   the   Culture   House.   The group   started   to   use   the   name   of   Miklós   Folkdance Ensemble   from   the   end   of   1973.   Besides   Sándor   Tóth his   students   became   the   leaders   of   the   group   during the   next   few   years.   The   first   artistic   director   of   the ensemble   was   Mrs   Zoltán   Jakab,   “Auntie   Júlia”,   who was    the    master    of    folkdance,    ballet    and    modern dances.   During   her   direction   the   ensemble   regularly took   part   in   national   folkdance   festivals,   trainings   and got   its   first   qualification   in   front   of   a   national   panel   of experts. After    “Auntie”    Júlia’s    retirement    first    Rezső    Vörös, the   previous   leader   of   Tisza   Folkdance   Ensemble   in Szolnok, later Béla Juhász, “Gyapi” became the
The   kindergarten   group   operates   parallel   to   the   other groups       of       Miklós       Folkdance       Ensemble.       The composition   of   the   group   is   mixed.   Boys   and   girls   are welcomed   from   the   age   of   3   to   the   age   of   7   to   this group.   The   period   of   classes,   the   subject-matter   of plays    and    dances    go    by    the    children’s    needs.    The safety    of    the    children    requires    two    leaders    in    the lessons.    At    their    age    the    children’s    kinetic    skills develop      together      with      their      nervous      system. Folkdance   is   absolutely   suitable   for   progressing   the children’s   motion   and   personality   at   the   same   time. Traditional   children’s   plays   are   also   taught   which   are very close to their feelings and thoughts. We   celebrate   holidays   by   learning   songs,   rhymes   and customs.     Over     the     years     the     elements     of     the participants’   movements   increase,   since   the   learning of      shorter      dances      need      complex      movements. Practising    these    complex    movements    children    can learn   more   difficult   dances   with   enough   persistence, discipline       and       attention.       Folkdance       is       also recommended   those   children   who   have   difficulties   in kinetic    skills    because    folkdance    can    help    to    solve these   problems   during   a   year   establishing   successful school years.    
artistic   leaders.   During   this   time   the   ensemble   had   its first guest performance in Germany. Mrs    Károly    Sülye,    the    headmistress    of    the    Culture House   asked   András   Gaál,   the   Constant   Gold   Spurred Dancer   and   Anna   Mária   Szalavári,   the   Young   Master of    Folk    of    Arts    to    be    the    artistic    directors    of    the ensemble   in   1987.   The   permanent   cooperation   with their   previous   dance   groups   helped   the   partnership with   the   Bem   Folk   Association   and   “Öröm”   Folkdance Ensemble   of   Üröm.   From   1990s   the   education   of   the new    dancers    took    place    in    the    artistic    movement branch    of    Gábor    Bethlen    Primary    School.    During decades   the   ensemble   was   permanent   participant   of local     and     national     festivals,     competitions,     guest performances    in    France,    Poland    and    Belgium.    The ensemble’s   most   important   aims   are   to   get   to   know and   preserve   the   folklore,   music   and   dance   traditions of   the   people   living   in   the   Carpatian   Basin,   and   to make it popular among children and young people. Their    program    shows    each    characteristic    dialect    of the       rich       Hungarian       dance       language       from Transdanubia,       through       the       Great       Plain       to Transylvania.   In   2000   the   ensemble   received   the   Pro Urbe   Award.   Since   then   the   group   operates   as   the group   of   the   Culture   House,   later   the   Arnold   Ipolyi Library,     Museum     and     Cultural     Center     with     the support of the local government.